Late-Life Depression and Cognitive Deficits: A Neuropsychological Portrait

Authors

  • Elena Yu. Balashova Lomonosov Moscow State University, Department of Psychology, Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6165-9341

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15826/Lurian.2021.2.3.11

Abstract

The article presents an analysis of the symptoms of neurocognitive deficit in late-life depression, revealed in the neuropsychological diagnostic study of 197 patients with depression (average age 68±13 years), who were on inpatient treatment in the clinic of the Scientific center of mental health (Moscow). The results of the study allowed to give a description of the features of memory, attention, different types of perception, voluntary movements and actions, language functions, thinking in late depressions. The author of the article formulated assumptions about possible variants of localization and lateralization of brain dysfunctions in late depression, the degree of severity of neurocognitive deficit, the possible role of age, educational factors and social status in reducing cognitive functioning. The findings state that various manifestations of neurocognitive deficit in late-life depression are observed quite often. Therefore, therapy of late depression should be aimed not only at optimizing the affective status of patients, but also to compensate for the deficit of cognitive functioning.

Author Biography

Elena Yu. Balashova, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Department of Psychology, Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia

Elena Yu. Balashova, PhD (in Psychology), Leading Researcher, Department of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University; Leading Researcher, Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education.
11–9, Mokhovaya Str., 125009, Moscow, Russia.

Published

2021-11-05

Issue

Section

Research Papers