Chronotype and Life Satisfaction: The Role of Sex and Age

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15826/Lurian.2021.2.3.7

Abstract

Chronotype represents the preference for evening or morning hours for mental and physical performance and viewed as a stable human behavioral trait and personality feature. Chronotype relates to many biological, social, and psychological aspects. Depression, anxiety, and health problems are associated with eveningness in the clinical and non-clinical populations. At the same time, morningness demonstrates a positive relationship with well-being (Randler, 2008a). Many studies show that age and sex is a significant predictor of time-of-day preference (Adan et al., 2012). This study is attempted to investigate the association between life-satisfaction and morningness-eveningness and explore age and sex differences. Two hundred thirty-eight persons participated in this study; age distribution was: 17–28 years. The reduced Morningness–Eveningness Questionnaire was used to measure chronotype preferences, and Social frustration and life satisfaction scale were used to assess the subjective level of life satisfaction. Age differences were found for chronotype demonstrating the tendency to eveningness for young adults (23–28 age) than for students (18–22 age), but no sex differences in morningness-eveningness were found. Eveningness negatively correlates with all life-satisfaction dimensions, but this association differs depending on sex and age. In general, the morningness-eveningness preferences seem to be dependent on age more than sex, but the life satisfaction influenced by both factors. We may report the existence of association between eveningness and life satisfaction, which is much more reliable for men and younger persons.

Author Biographies

Dmitriy S. Kornienko, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

Dmitriy S. Kornienko, Doctor in Psychology, Professor, Department of Psychology, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
82/1, Prospect Vernadskogo, 119571, Moscow, Russia.

Fedor V. Derish, Perm State University, Perm, Russia

Fedor V. Derish, Senior Lecturer, Department of General and Clinical Psychology, Perm State University.
15, Bukireva Str., 614990, Perm, Russia.

Natalya A. Rudnova, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Perm, Russia

Natalya A. Rudnova, PhD (in Psychology), Researcher, Department of Foreign Languages, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
38, Studencheskaya Str., 614070, Perm, Russia.

Published

2021-11-05

Issue

Section

Research Papers